Marijuana is the most commonly used drug in the world. It is green, brownish or gray mixture of finely chopped dried flowers, leaves, stems and seeds of Indian hemp (Cannabis sativa).
The tradition of consuming marijuana in religious, social, medical and cultural purposes goes back 5000 years, while the abuse began during the 50’s of the 20th century in the subculture.
The debate on the legalization of marijuana is again topical in the USA and a train trip lobbies race to justify or deny the legal use of these plants. Here are the most common myths prevailing about marijuana.
Myth 1: Marijuana leads to addiction
It is possible that the use of marijuana is addictive, but it comes to a small number of cases, writes “Rolling Stone”. The figures of the National Institutes of Health show that nine percent of marijuana users classified as cases of clinical addiction. By comparison, when it comes to cocaine users, this figure is 15 percent, and in the case of heroin 24 percent.
Myth 2: Marijuana causes cancer
It is believed that smoking marijuana, like smoking cigarettes can cause cancer due to the presence of carcinogenic substances. In the book that talks about legalization is stated that a longtime marijuana smokers annually smoke fewer cigarettes from consumers. The study, which was conducted by UCLA in 2006 showed that marijuana and lung cancer have nothing to do. In addition, smoking marijuana is not the only form of its consumption, according to supporters of legalization.
Myth3: Marijuana “drug to start”
Statistics show that children who use marijuana often try other drugs. However, in the book “The legalization of marijuana: What everybody should know,” leading to data Institute of Medicine USA, states that there is no evidence that marijuana use led to the use of other, “heavier” drugs.
Myth4: Prohibition of use of marijuana protects children
According to the Center for Infectious and addictive diseases, last year in the United States use of marijuana in adolescent circles peaked. Every fifteenth high school student in the survey admitted that at least once a week, smoking a joint. However, the research also shows that this figure is not no greater or less in countries where the legalization of marijuana has long been accepted.
Myth5: The Netherlands and Portugal have legalized marijuana
If this statement is often heard, it is not entirely correct. For example, in Portugal does not legalize marijuana, but the drugs, including cocaine and heroin, decriminalized. This means that the use of drugs, including marijuana, remains illegal. When it comes to the Netherlands, a small amount of marijuana can be legally purchased in cafes. However, even in this country is growing, distribution and possession of pot remains illegal.
Myth6: Marijuana is completely harmless
This assertion is, as already explained, only partly true. More serious use of marijuana can have consequences that are substantially similar consequences faced by cigarette smokers. It is interesting that the number of car accidents caused by drivers who have used cannabis less than the number of accidents that are caused due to the effects of alcohol.
There is, unfortunately, many drugs around us. Here are the most commonly drugs in the world:
Amphetamine is a synthetic drug. It stimulates the central nervous system, while methamphetamine addictive stimulant that strongly activates certain brain cells. They are produced in the form of tablets of different colors, a capsule, a powder, a crystal or a solution. When the user is developing a strong physical and psychological dependence. Amphetamine organism enters swallowing, sniffing, intravenous and less smoking. The effect of the drug is immediate and lasts for 3 to 4 hours. Manifested through increased body temperature, loss of appetite, extension of eye apple, expressed a sense of euphoria and confidence. Immediately after the effects of drugs for the user arises a sense of exhaustion, depression, irritability and paranoia. In the long-term consequences include extreme anorexia, problems and irregular heartbeat that can result in death. Irritability, verbosity, poor coordination of movements, the need for fluid, some of the symptoms by which to recognize the person who takes amphetamine or methamphetamine. Street names are: speed, meth, crystal.
MDMA, colloquially known as Ecstasy is a synthetic drug that has recently become very popular among young people. Special because of its combination of stimulating and hallucinogenic effects caused by the user. The products are in the form of a tablet in which they are often present various drawings. Taking ecstasy leads to a strong psychological dependence. Ecstasy is taken orally (swallowed) usually at group celebrations in bars, discotheques and is one of the so-called club drugs. It takes effect in 20 to 60 minutes after administration and lasts for 3 to 6 hours. Start of operation as users feel euphoria, a sense of well-being and relaxation, increased physical and mental strength and overall endurance. After the termination of action arises insomnia and irritability while the long-term effects are more serious and can lead to perpetual brain damage, paranoia and chronic depression. Increased body temperature and blood pressure that causes ecstasy can lead to death. Street names are: nail, and, ex.
Heroin is a drug that belongs to the group of opiates. It is produced by processing opium poppy, in the form of a powder whose color varies from brown to white depending on the purity. Heroin is the cause of the greatest number of deaths among addicts. Regardless of which way is taken quickly to create a strong physical and psychological dependence. Heroin enters the body sniffing, smoking and injecting. It acts on the opioid receptors in the brain and almost instantly causes a short-lived and powerful feeling of euphoria (flesh). In the next few hours following the dream-like state during which the person alternately wakeful and drowsy. On the physical level, heroin slows breathing and heart rate, dilates blood vessels, giving a feeling of warmth, while the pupils very limited. The crisis takes 7 to 10 days, but the feeling of weakness and lethargy can last several months. This completes the physical addiction to heroin, but not very strong psychic or constant craving for the drug, which is the reason why heroin addict returns.
Under the preventive efforts include interventions before any health problem, which means switching network causal connections that lead to health and social problems. Primary prevention deals with impacts on the behavior and attitudes of target groups.
Primary prevention aims to promote a life without drugs and prevent drug use, particularly among young people.
Primary prevention can be general, selective and indicated, depending on whether it is directed at the entire community, certain population groups and individuals or groups at risk.
The objectives are:
1) Reduce the number of new drug users;
2) Prevent or delay the first contact with drugs;
3) Raising the awareness of individuals and society about the risks of drugs;
4) Mobilize communities in the fight against drugs;
5) Promote a life without drugs.
Education of parents and guardians is a very important segment in the field of primary prevention. In addition to the basic education of parents about drugs, it is necessary to enable parents to communicate well with children and strengthening the family’s ability to solve the crisis moments. Families should provide conditions for the healthy growth of children, keeping them informed and make appropriate decisions.
Raise the level of knowledge of parents and guardians about the harmful effects of drugs.
Education of parents and guardians of drug through the work of experts in schools;
Promotion of counseling in primary health care and to motivate health workers to work with parents and careers;
Developing assertive communication of parents with children;
Strengthening techniques and skills to solve problems and crisis situations in the family.
The basic principle is the inclusion of pre-schools, as a whole, ie joint participation of teachers, parents and children in prevention programs that should be informative and educational. The programs must be adapted to children’s age and receptive, and also it is necessary to focus on identifying risk groups early for children to develop protective prevention programs.
Raise the level of knowledge and awareness among children and school children about the harmful effects of drugs.
Developing healthy lifestyles for young people (peer education);
Development of social skills;
Providing information about the risks of drug use, young people and parents through school curricula and workshops in schools;
Prevention programs for working environment must include activities relating to education and sensitization to the problem of drug use employees, managerial staff, trade union representatives and prevention services. It is also important to allow adequate treatment to people who are at risk or are already addicted to drugs. It is necessary to organize activities aimed at preventing drug use in the workplace, with a special focus on employees who are at risk for occupational load: motorists, pilots, health workers and others.
Interventions in the community are related to the mobilization and active participation of all citizens and civil society (non-governmental organizations and others.), As well as relevant institutions in the areas of police, judiciary, health and social protection, and others. in the implementation of drug prevention. Promoting volunteerism in primary prevention is also one of the tasks of the community.
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